There is nothing more delicious than a tomato fresh from the garden in the middle of summer. While most gardeners pick their tomato plants based on the flavour of the fruit, there are also other factors to consider including whether they are a determinant or indeterminate variety. These terms refer to the way the tomato plant grows, and they have different characteristics that can affect the yield and quality of the fruit.
Determinate tomatoes, also known as bush tomatoes, have a predetermined size and growth pattern. They grow to a certain height, usually around 3 to 4 feet tall, and then stop growing. They also produce fruit all at once and over a relatively short period, usually a few weeks. After the fruit is harvested, the plant dies. Determinate tomatoes are ideal for gardeners who want a large harvest in a short period, such as for canning or preserving.
Indeterminate tomatoes are also known as vine tomatoes. These varieties continue to grow and produce fruit throughout the growing season until they are killed by frost or disease. They can grow up to 10 feet tall or more and require support, such as staking or caging, to keep them upright. Indeterminate tomatoes produce fruit over a longer period, usually from early summer to the first frost. They are ideal for gardeners who want a continuous harvest of fresh tomatoes throughout the season.
One advantage of determinate tomatoes is that they are more compact and require less space than indeterminate tomatoes. They are also easier to manage since they do not require pruning or training. Determinate tomatoes are ideal for small gardens or containers, where space is limited.
Indeterminate tomatoes, on the other hand, require more space and maintenance, but they offer a longer growing season and a larger yield of fruit. While flavour is always a matter of opinion, indeterminate varieties are said to have more flavour and are juicier than determinate tomatoes. Indeterminate tomatoes are not ideal for canning or preserving since they produce fruit over a more extended period, and the fruit may not be ripe at the same time.
Indeterminate tomatoes benefit from pruning to improve air circulation, reduce the risk of diseases, and increase fruit production. Since indeterminate tomato plants can grow up to 10 feet tall or more, they can become unruly and difficult to manage without pruning.
Pruning involves removing the suckers, which are the shoots that grow between the main stem and the side branches of the plant. Suckers take energy away from the plant and can reduce fruit production. Removing them can help the plant focus its energy on producing fruit.
To prune an indeterminate tomato plant, you should start by removing the suckers when they are small, ideally when they are no more than a few inches long. Pinch the sucker off between your thumb and forefinger or use a sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears to cut it off. It's important to be gentle to avoid damaging the stem or the plant. In addition to removing suckers, you can also prune the lower leaves of the plant, especially if they are touching the ground. This can help reduce the risk of disease and improve air circulation around the plant.
It's important to note that while pruning can benefit indeterminate tomato plants, it's not necessary for all gardeners. Some gardeners prefer to let their tomato plants grow naturally without pruning, while others prune heavily to control the plant's size and shape. Ultimately, the decision to prune an indeterminate tomato plant depends on personal preference and gardening goals.
In conclusion, the difference between determinate and indeterminate tomatoes lies in their growth pattern and fruit production. Determinate tomatoes have a predetermined size and produce fruit all at once, while indeterminate tomatoes continue to grow and produce fruit throughout the growing season. There are many varieties of tomatoes in each of thee classifications and gardeners should consider their space, time, and intended use when choosing between the two types of tomatoes.